"The ideas of Ukrainian nationalism, which spring from the mind of the Ukrainian people and from its philosophy of life, which express their ideal conception of life and are signposts on the road of history — these are the perpetual motive power behind the Ukrainian nationalist anti-bolshevist revolution."
Stepan Bandera(January 1, 1909–October 15, 1959) was a Ukrainian nationalist leader who
headed the Ukrainian
He was born in the village of Uhryniv
Staryi, in the district of Kalusz in Galiсia (Stanyslaviv
oblast), which at that time was ruled by the Austro-Hungarian
monarchy. His father, Andrey Bandera, was a Greek-Catholic
priest in Uhryniv Staryi. His mother, Myroslava Bandera, was from an old
clerical family, being the daughter of a Greek-Catholic priest in Uhryniv
Stepan spent his childhood in Uhryniv Staryi, in the house of his parents and
grandparents, growing up in an atmosphere of patriotism, living
national culture, and political and public interest.
From 1931 Bandera
was deputy of regional guides, then – head of regional executive of OUN and
commandant of ULO. He was condemned to death for the organization of the murder
of the Home Secretary of Poland in 1934 but the sentence was vacated
and commuted to life imprisonment. He was released in September 1939. In 1940 Bandera headed the
revolutionary group of OUN. On June 30, 1941, he was elected a member of
the Government of the renewed Ukrainian State proclaimed in Lviv. He was imprisoned in German concentration camps.
After the war, he headed the movement of western units of OUN.
On October 15, 1959 in the entrance of a house in
Kreittmayr street, 7 , in Munich, Stepan Bandera was found
at 13:05 inundated with blood, still living. A medical examination established
that the cause of his death was poison. Two years later, on November
17, 1961, the
German judicial bodies proclaimed that the murderer of Stepan Bandera was Bohdan
Stashynskyi who acted on the orders of Soviet KGB head Alexander Shelepin
and Soviet premier Nikita Khrushchev.
After a detailed investigation against Stashynskyi, a trial took place from October 8th
15, 1962. The
sentence was handed down on October 19th, in which
Stashynskyi was condemned to 8 years of heavy imprisonment. The German Supreme
Court confirmed at Karlsruhe that in the Bandera
murder, the Soviet Government in Moscow was the main guilty party.
On October 20, 1959 Stepan Bandera was buried in
the Waldfriedhof cemetery in Munich.
Ukrainian Nationalist Organisation Leader